what happens during the appeal?

At Vargas Law Firm, we understand that the appeals process can seem daunting and complex, particularly for those unfamiliar with the legal system. The purpose of this page is to demystify what happens during an appeal, providing a clear overview of the steps involved and how we, at Vargas Law Firm, support our clients through each phase.

The Appeals Process: A Step-by-Step Guide

1. Notice of Appeal

The first step in the appeals process is filing a Notice of Appeal. This document must be filed within a strict deadline following the final judgment in the trial court. The Notice of Appeal informs the court and the opposing party that you are challenging the trial court's decision.

2. Preparation of the Record on Appeal

After the Notice of Appeal is filed, the next step is to prepare the record on appeal, which includes all documents, evidence, and transcripts from the trial court proceedings. This record is crucial as the appellate court reviews the trial court’s decision based on the information contained in these documents.

3. Briefs

  • Appellant’s Brief: As the party appealing the decision, you (the appellant) will submit an appellate brief to the court. This document outlines the legal arguments and errors you believe occurred during the trial that impacted the outcome. Our team at Vargas Law Firm meticulously prepares this brief, highlighting the strongest arguments for your appeal.

  • Appellee’s Brief: The opposing party (the appellee) then has the opportunity to respond with their brief, arguing why the trial court’s decision should be upheld.

  • Reply Brief: In some cases, the appellant can submit a reply brief, addressing points made in the appellee's brief.

4. Oral Arguments

While not all appeals will include oral arguments, many appellate courts allow or require them. This is an opportunity for both sides to present their arguments in person and answer questions from the judges. Our experienced attorneys are adept at presenting compelling oral arguments to further support your appeal.

5. The Decision

After reviewing the record, briefs, and oral arguments (if applicable), the appellate court will issue a decision. The court may affirm the original decision, reverse it, or remand the case back to the trial court with instructions for a new trial or specific actions.

6. Further Appeals

Depending on the outcome and specific circumstances of your case, there may be options for further appeals to a higher appellate court or the Supreme Court.

How Vargas Law Firm Supports You During the Appeal

  • Strategic Planning: We begin with a comprehensive review of your case to identify the strongest legal arguments for your appeal.

  • Expert Preparation: Our team skillfully prepares all necessary documentation, including the appellate brief and, if applicable, the record on appeal.

  • Oral Argument Representation: Our experienced attorneys represent you during oral arguments, using their skills to persuasively advocate on your behalf.

  • Continuous Communication: Throughout the appeals process, we ensure you're informed and understand each step, providing guidance and support.


The appeal process is a crucial opportunity to seek justice and correct errors made in the trial court. With the support of Vargas Law Firm, you can navigate this complex process with confidence, backed by a team committed to achieving the best possible outcome for your case.

Contact us today to discuss your appeal and learn how our expertise can work for you.