what taxes are small business subject to? 

Navigating the tax landscape is a fundamental aspect of running a small business. Understanding the various taxes your business may be subject to is crucial for compliance and financial planning. At VARGAS GUERRA, LLP, we’re dedicated to helping small business owners understand their tax obligations and ensure they're equipped to manage them effectively. Below is an overview of the common taxes small businesses encounter.

1. Income Taxes

All businesses, except partnerships, must file an annual income tax return. Partnerships file an information return. The form you use depends on how your business is organized. The IRS requires businesses to pay taxes as they earn or receive income during the year.

  • Sole Proprietorships and Single-Member LLCs report their business income and expenses on their personal tax returns.
  • Partnerships, Multi-Member LLCs, and S Corporations pass through the income to the owners or shareholders, who report it on their personal returns.
  • C Corporations are subject to corporate income tax and might also face double taxation if corporate income is distributed as dividends, which are considered personal income.

2. Self-Employment Taxes

Self-employment tax (SE tax) is primarily for individuals who work for themselves. It covers your Social Security and Medicare taxes. If your net earnings from self-employment were $400 or more, you have to file an income tax return and pay SE tax.

3. Payroll Taxes

If you have employees, you are responsible for several federal employment taxes, including Social Security and Medicare taxes, federal income tax withholding, and federal unemployment (FUTA) tax.

4. Sales Taxes

If your business sells physical products or certain types of services, you may need to collect sales tax from your customers. Sales tax requirements vary by state and locality.

5. Property Taxes

If your business owns real property (real estate), you'll likely pay property tax to the local taxing authority. Property taxes are usually assessed by local governments and based on the property's value.

6. Excise Taxes

Your business might be subject to federal excise taxes if you manufacture or sell certain products, operate certain kinds of businesses, use various kinds of equipment, facilities, or products, or receive payment for certain services. Examples include environmental taxes, communications taxes, and fuel taxes.

Planning and Compliance

  • Stay Informed: Tax laws change frequently, so it's crucial to stay informed about the current laws and regulations that apply to your business.
  • Record Keeping: Maintain thorough and accurate records of all income, expenses, and tax payments. This will simplify your tax filing process and help you manage your finances effectively.
  • Professional Advice: Consider seeking advice from tax professionals or legal advisors specializing in tax law to ensure compliance and optimize your tax situation.


Understanding and managing your tax obligations is key to the success and legal compliance of your small business. At VARGAS GUERRA, LLP, we are here to support you with expert legal advice tailored to your business's unique needs and circumstances. Don’t navigate the complex tax landscape alone; let us help you ensure that your business meets all its tax obligations efficiently and effectively.

For personalized advice and support with your small business tax matters, reach out to us at VARGAS GUERRA, LLP. Our team is ready to assist you with all aspects of business law and taxation to help your business thrive.